Preferred Seed

Preferred Seed, Preferred Results

Cover Crops

Cow Peas


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Cowpeas are a highly preferred annual season legume which is best used when planting a combination of plants for foraging wildlife food plots. Actually a bean and not a pea, cowpeas produce a very nutritious crop of seeds that can be shelled and eaten fresh, processed in the green stage, or allowed to dry on a vine. Cowpeas are believed to have originated in Africa. Their introduction to the United States occurred during early colonial times and quickly became a staple crop in the Southeast. Due to their ability to produce their own nitrogen in root modules, cowpeas are a good choice for soil-building summer crops.

Due to their tolerances to cold and drought, cowpeas are able to be planted anytime between April and June, or they can be planted in the early fall; soil temperatures should remain above 60
?F to ensure the best germination and emergence. Cowpeas are fairly resilient once planted and are able to germinate in a wide array of soils, but they still require the pH to be between five to seven point five. Cowpeas are most likely to succeed if planted between one and two inches beneath the soil’s surface. Once planted, the seeds should reach maturity within ninety to one hundred days provided that rainfall exceeds at least twenty-five inches.

Seeding Rate: 50-60 lbs./acre

Deer are highly fond of cowpeas, which is fortunate since the cowpeas provide a high level of protein that will help promote antler growth. Due to their preference though, deer have been known to strip a newly seeded area if the area is heavily overpopulated. Cowpeas yield an extremely high number of seeds which helps them be fairly resilient when faced with high amount of deer pressure. Cowpeas have become a favorite addition to deer forage food plot mixtures.

Aside from deer, cowpeas also provide a food supply for turkey, rabbit, and quail.
Turkey in particular will seek out cowpea plots due to their preference for early seedlings. Once the plants have matured, they will attract insects that turkeys depend upon for their diet. In the late summer, the cowpeas will produce seed in pods that make a superb food for turkey and quail.

Product Specifications

Sku: Cowpeas
Release Date: 01/23/14

Site Information

575 Kennedy Road
Buffalo, NY 14227
Phone 716-895-7333
Fax 716-895-3421